It’s an inevitable skill in today’s world to learn how to write a computer program. It’s impossible to avoid computers from such an advanced world. The current situation of the world is that they absolutely need computers for each and every needs such as scaling up of an organization etc.
Life has been made simpler by the computer and programming languages, whether it’s hospitals, banks, automobiles every aspect of life depends on it. Coding skills are required for a well-paid job today.
Python is the widely accepted best language that every developer should learn this year and it undoubtedly tops the list. This language is powerful enough to build a decent web application with a clean and well-structured code. It is fast, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy programming language that is being widely used to develop a scalable web application. This language is a great starting point for beginners. The job opportunity is also huge. This language is ideal for building prototypes and testing out ideas faster.
Java is a popular choice in large organizations and a popular programming language used for developing a server-side application. Java is a practical choice for developing Android applications as it can be used to create highly functional programs and platforms. This opens up a great opportunity for Java developers given the fact that Google has created an excellent Java-based Android development framework – Android Studio. This language is ideal for distributed computing and offers a galore of Application Program Interface for accomplishing different tasks, such as database connection, networking utilities, and XML parsing.
C and C++ are still holding with approximate 20% and it will be there due to its inherent features and legacy system. All low-level systems such as operating systems, fie systems, etc are written in C/C++. This language is also widely used by competitive programmers owing to the fact that it is extremely fast and stable. C++ also provides something called STL – Standard Template Library. It runs close to the system hardware and hence, offers a low level of abstraction. The programs are more efficient and easy to understand.
R is gaining popularity and the reason would be growth and popularity of data analysis. It used by data scientist but much behind in comparison to Python which has established as general-purpose languages and enjoy active developers with lots of data science libraries and modules. It is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphic. This is highly extensible and has a powerful package ecosystem. It has the ability to run seamlessly on various operating systems.
This is the programming language that is used to develop iOS applications. As iOS-based devices are becoming increasingly popular and are giving a tough competition to Android, so those who want to serve this community can learn Swift programming. It has automatic memory management which prevents memory leaks and has better scalability which allows easily adding functionalities to the product. It has only limited community support and resources.
Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language built by Google. It provides excellent support for multithreading and so it is being used by a lot of companies that rely heavily on distributed systems. Google is also making Go as a primary language for new projects and replacing other languages with Go, this trend is going to make it useful and important to learn the language. It has focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. Go is the fastest-growing language on Github, meant to replace languages like Java and C++. It has only underprivileged library support.
C# is a general-purpose programming language that is developed by Microsoft. It follows a syntax similar to the C programming language. It is fully integrated with the NET library and is ideal for all types of Windows development. It is widely used for backend programming, building games(using unity), building Windows mobile phone apps and lots of other use cases. To resolve the errors caused requires serious expertise and knowledge. It offers only less flexibility than C++.
It is being offered as an alternative to Java for Android development and is supported and promoted by Google. Kotlin is going to shine as a prominent programming environment for Android development. It’s a general-purpose programming language with type inference. It is designed to be completely interoperable with Java. It effortlessly combines object-oriented and functional programming features within it. Kotlin is easy to learn, open-source, and swift language for Android app development that removes any adoption-related barriers.